Motor oil is a substance used to reduce noise, heat and wear, lubricating and increasing the life of the mobile components of the engine, may be of animal or vegetable origin (greases oils), petroleum derivatives (mineral oils) or produced in Laboratory (synthetic oils), and may also be made up of the mixture of two or more types (compound oils). The main characteristics of lubricating oils are viscosity, viscosity index (IV) and density.
Viscosity measures the difficulty with which the oil drips (seeps). The more viscous a lubricant (the thicker), the harder it is to drain, so it will be greater its ability to keep between two moving parts making lubrication.
The viscosity of lubricants is not constant; It varies with the temperature. When this increases, the viscosity decreases and the oil seeps more easily. The viscosity index (IV) measures the viscosity variation with the temperature. The higher the IV, the lower the viscosity variation of the lubricating oil, when subjected to different temperature values
Density indicates the mass of a certain volume of oil at a certain temperature, it is important to indicate whether there has been contamination or deterioration of a lubricant.
Hydraulic oil belongs to a large group of fluids used as the means of transmission of energy in hydraulic machines, being any equipment or device that has a hydraulic system of transmission of energy and force. This equipment includes brakes, assisted steering, excavators and retro excavators, garbage trucks, forklifts, etc.
The main task of a hydraulic oil in the industry sector is to move equipment or tools in process lines. In general they are centralized or individual systems that move or transport products in a factory.
In the forestry or construction equipment the hydraulic oil is responsible for all articulated movements of the equipment, the systems with hydraulic oil are used in high load conditions, its main function is the transmission of force and the Lubrication of the internal parts of the system as for example gear pumps or cylinders. Hydraulic systems are also common in aircraft hydraulic control systems,
Hydraulic oils are divided into categories such as motor oil, synthetic compounds, mineral oil, water and mixtures based on aqueous solutions and emulsions, being that regardless of their composition and properties at various temperatures, their Most important feature is low compressibility.
Lubricants are substances that are placed between two movable surfaces or one fixed and another movable, form a protective film which has the main function to reduce friction, wear, as well as to assist in the control of the temperature and the sealing of Components of machinery and motors, providing cleaning of the parts, protecting against corrosion due to oxidation processes, avoiding the entry of impurities, and may also be an agent of transmission of force and movement.
Some parts of vehicles are light, heavy or industrial machinery require lubricating mass as a lubricating agent, e.g. bearings, joints and joints. An effective lubricating mass prevents grip and noise, prevents premature wear of the components and provides protection against moisture and corrosion.